Resources providing additional information are available in the links below.
The Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) protects the health of U.S. agriculture and natural resources against invasive pests and diseases, regulates genetically engineered crops, administers the Animal Welfare Act, and helps people and wildlife coexist.
The International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) is an intergovernmental treaty signed by over 180 countries, aiming to protecting the world's plant resources from the spread and introduction of pests, and promoting safe trade. The Convention introduced International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures (ISPMs) as its main tool to achieve its goals, making it the sole global standard setting organization for plant health.
The National Plant Board is a non-profit organization of the plant pest regulatory agencies of each of the states, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico and Guam. Member agencies must be members in good standing of the regional plant board in which their state or commonwealth is located.
The National Plant Diagnostic Network is a premier diagnostics system with over 70 diagnostic labs in 50 states and 4 territories (Puerto Rico, US Virgin Islands, Guam, and American Samoa). These labs serve a diverse clientele on a wide array of plant health issues.
The North American Plant Protection Organization is the phytosanitary standard-setting organization for North America, recognized in the original North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and in the recently ratified United States, Mexico and Canada Free Trade Agreement (USMCA). NAPPO was created in 1976 as a regional organization in accordance to Article IX of the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC)
APHIS’ Plant Protection and Quarantine (PPQ) program safeguards U.S. agriculture and natural resources against the entry, establishment, and spread of economically and environmentally significant pests, and facilitates the safe trade of agricultural products.
PPQ responds to many new introductions of plant pests to eradicate, suppress, or contain them through various programs in cooperation with state departments of agriculture and other government agencies. These may be emergency or longer term domestic programs that target a specific regulated pest.